Opera Medica et Physiologica

Effect of Biocomposites on Bacterial Cellulose-Based Hydrogel and Physiologically Active Compounds on Regeneration Processes in the Skin’s Lipid Phase After Burn Injury

Published ahead of print December 22, 2022; Printed December 23, 2022; OM&P 2022 Volume 9 Issue 4, pages 72-91; doi:10.24412/2500-2295-2022-4-72-91

The article considers the development of biocomposite materials as bacterial cellulose-based hydrogel, chitosan and alginate, plus physiologically active compounds – fusidic acid, resveratrol and dihydroquercetin. It has been found that the use of hydrogel systems derived from microbial polysaccharides and containing bacterial cellulose (BC) / sodium alginate with CaCl2 /sodium fusidate (SF) and BC/chitosan /sodium fusidate helps to reduce the intensity of lipid peroxidation processes and stabilize phospholipid and fatty acid composition of the skin. It is consistent with the findings of the authors on longer release of sodium fusidate from biocomposite materials of this composition. Therefore, the use of BC and chitosan in combination with sodium fusidate, which exhibits antibacterial properties, and the crosslinking of sodium alginate with calcium chloride solution proves to be the most effective for restoring the skin’s lipid composition and shortening the course of treatment. Most likely, this effect must be explained by the constant release of physiologically active compounds from hydrogel composites and its impact on damaged skin areas.